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ISBN: 9788899306809
Lingua: Italian
Editore: Paolo Loffredo Editore Srl


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While beyond the Alps national unities were consolidated in monarchies and empires, during the XV century our beautiful but fragile country kept being a mosaic of lordships, grand duchies and satellite kingdoms. But there was, at the same time, a retaliation about thinking and its best manifestations: the national unity was replaced by intellectual unity, which arose during Middle Age, starting from monasteries and universities, and then during the Humanism, going on thanks to a system in which the propulsion centres were the “cenacoli culturali”.
The cenacoli quattrocenteschi focussed on literary themes, but also inaugurated the diffusion of academies, in which various parts of knowledge were investigated. Until the XVII century, academies represented a lateral cultural reality if compared to universities, to which they were often complementary.
The questions about language had a central role in italian academies between the XVI and XVII centuries, also due to the necessity to codify the new language.
Scientific academies only developed later, both because of the explicit and implicit restraints imposed by the church, and because of the hierarchization of intellectual activities, which considered science and techniques far from any speculative activity represented by theology.

The authors

The authors of this work attend the class IV B, linguistic, at Liceo Statale “Niccolò Braucci”. While studying english, french and spanish, during the a.y. 2020/21 they got the certifications DELF and KET of second level. They also collaborate in the institute magazine Vox Lycei, writing articles in english and spanish. Many are the hobbies they have, from reading to playing the guitar.

Claudio Mola was born in Casamicciola Terme on the 2 august 1964. In 1900 he got his degree in Electronic Engineering summa cum laude at University of Naples Federico II, and then in 2021 he got a PhD in Information Engineering at University of Naples in Aversa, writing a thesis on electromagnetism. After that, he worked as an engineer in Marconi S.p.A., and in 1992 started teaching maths and then physics at high school, until 2015. Starting from september 2015, he has been a head teacher, now at the high school N. Braucci in Caivano (NA). He is the coauthor to many articles on scientific magazines and, in 2009, he published with Loffredo his work Immensamente amato.

Tina Mansueto, who published many works, has had a long experience at the archaeological superintendency in Naples, Caserta and Pompeii. She was expert of language and literature at Istituto Universitario Suor Orsola Benincasa Napoli. She edited the jubilee studies in 2000 for the Federico II University of Naples. She is professor MIUR of History and Philosophy at high school. She also attended CLIL MIUR and Cambridge courses to complete her linguistic-methodologic knowledge.

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